Cephalaspidea Philinoidea G. Gastropteron pacificum

Winged Sea Slug

Pacific Belly-wing Love-idea Head-shield-like

Zee's Reef Full Video


The clade Cephalaspidea, also known as the headshield slugs and bubble snails, is a major taxon of sea slugs and bubble snails, marine gastropod mollusks within the larger clade Euopisthobranchia. Bubble shells is another common name for these families of marine gastropods, some of which have thin bubble-like shells. This clade contains more than 600 species. Members of this worldwide clade used to be considered the most primitive of the opisthobranchs, but now they are considered as derived and specialized members of the Euthyneura Spengel, 1881. Headshield slugs are the most morphologically diverse group of all the opisthobranchs.

Cephalaspidea. Retrieved January, 01 2022, from

Philinoidea is a taxonomic superfamily of sea slugs, specifically headshield slugs, marine gastropod mollusks in the order Cephalaspidea.

Philinoidea. Retrieved January, 01 2022, from

Gastropteridae, the bat-winged slugs, is a family of sea slugs, gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Philinoidea of the clade Cephalaspidea, the headshield slugs and bubble snails. The greatest diversity of these colourful small slugs is in the tropical and sub-tropical Indo-Pacific region.

Gastropteridae. Retrieved January, 01 2022, from